The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system made up of 47 States responsible for the promotion and protection of all human rights around the globe. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year.
Agenda:Rights of the Indigenous Peoples in the сontext of transboundary and internal migration
It is a pleasure for me, as Human Rights Council President, to welcome you to C-MIMUN 2021!
The agenda of our committee this year is dedicated to the pressing issue of the rights of the Indigenous peoples in the context of transboundary and internal migration. Without a doubt migration is a universal phenomenon that affects every part of the world. However, regardless of whether migration is voluntary or involuntary it is crucial to respect the rights of every human being. Unfortunately, that is not always the way things are handled in the case of indigenous peoples. Being an especially vulnerable social group native peoples deserve special attention and recognition, but it is only now when the international community begins to develop specific measures to protect and maintain extinguishing cultures and ways of life.
We can never change the past and erase our mistakes, but we can focus on making a better future for those wronged by historical injustice. It is up to you, fellow delegates, to work on the agenda, come up with bright ideas and make a difference. The Committee board encourages you to study the agenda thoroughly and make a substantial contribution to the solution of one of the most burning modern problems.
I am very excited to meet you all and looking forward to spending 5 incredible days working together. So do not hesitate, nor let this opportunity pass.
Be bold. Be active. Be the best.
Human Rights Council President,
We are happy to welcome you in the Human Rights Council!
Our recent history has proved itself to be the remarkable era of different rights and freedoms’ development. However, we are only at the beginning of the long and complicated path towards inclusive and equal society. There is so much to do, and it is the mission of our generation to turn our world into a better place.
Since the establishment of the UN, many basic human rights have been recognized and ensured across the globe. Their list, of course, is nowhere near to its end. And today, at our C-MIMUN-21, we have all come together to work on such important issue as indigenous peoples’ rights. As this problem is too diverse to be solved during one session, we are to concentrate on the point concerning indigenous peoples in the context of migration. Both these issues are becoming more and more topical every year, as borders between regions, countries and cultures are getting as transparent as they have never been before.
As the Expert of the Human Rights Council, I am deeply sure that our work will be fruitful and exciting. I hope that together we will be participating in constructive debates which will eventually lead to consensus. It is a pleasure for me to help you in our Committee and to guarantee you positive Model experience!
The Human Rights Council Expert
Dear participants, I am glad to welcome you to C-MIMUN 2021!
The Model UN is a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in a new world that includes many new acquaintances, emotions and unforgettable impressions. Along with my expert colleague, we will be glad to see you as a delegate in the UNHRC, and we are sure that during the meetings you will feel that the work you are doing as a delegate of chosen country brings you only positive emotions. I wish all the participants good luck! And, perhaps, it is your way of solving the problem that after a while will be reflected in real politics!
I have the absolute pleasure of being your expert at C-MIMUN 2021!
The Human Rights Council Expert
To become a delegate in the HRC of C-MIMUN-2021 you have to present your own perception of our committee’s current agenda. This work comes in form of an essay which will be checked by our experts in order to assess your awareness of the issue. The essay may cover all aspects of the agenda as well as dwell on several particular ones. However, we draw you attention that this stage of the addition to the Model requires your personal thoughts and opinions on the topic, not the position of any Member State.
To make the process easier for you, we highly recommend to remember the following essay structure:
The advisable limit is 250-500 words
The essay should have three structural parts: introduction, main part and conclusion
The ideas stated in your essay should be presented in a logically structured way
Your work should stick to an informative style
The points stated in your essay have to be based on specific examples
Obviously, to pass the selection you are expected to show the well-rounded knowledge of our committee, its mission and main goals, its directions of action. The desirable knowledge also includes the committee’s structure, key documents and HRC Member States.
The main part of your essay should explain the reasons why our current agenda is topical, what actions the HRC is taking to deal with these issues, what events and circumstances have led to the situation being in its current state. You can, while analyzing past events, propose probable measures that, in our own opinion, may have positive impact on the indigenous communities.
As your work should be supported by solid factual basis, we recommend you to study the following documents:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants
The UN resolutions:
The UN resolution 74/160 of 27 January 2020
The UN resolution 43/6 of 30 June 2020
The UN resolution 43/8 of 19 June 2020
The UN resolution 43/9 of 19 June 2020
The C-MIMUN-2021 Human Rights Council hopes your essay writing will be both exciting and educating and may the odds be ever in your favor!
A Position Paper is a policy statement in which delegates clarify the committee topics, state their representative’s position, and suggestions solutions that fall in line with their national stance. Before C-MIMUN 2021 begins, each delegation is responsible for writing a position paper to ensure fruitful work of the conference staff and, more importantly, their fellow delegates.
You should write position papers elaborating on your country’s stance on each topic addressed in your essay. The purpose of position papers is to help you understand your nation’s views and interests on the agenda’s aspects that you will discuss during the conference. Not only will you combine all your research into a concise document, but also position papers will help you remember the state’s views throughout the course of debate. For first time MUNers, writing a position paper might look a bit intimidating. But don’t lose heart! It is right in the process of creating your position paper when you form a really structured and comprehensive picture of the agenda.
Sample Position Paper Outline
First Paragraph : Historical context of the topic with regards to your nation’s past policies and positions. The first section of your papers should discuss the background of the topic, the reasons why it concerns your state. It can be useful to refer to important treaties and past resolutions or initiatives that your state or your organisation, respectively, has supported. This section should NOT be a re-statement of the background section of your thesis, nor should it include your personal attitude towards the historical events. Instead, it should elaborate on the various aspects of the agenda AS YOUR COUNTRY has been dealing with it. Is the issue topical for your country? How has been the attitude to the issue altering thought history? Have there been any projects implemented that address this particular problem? Is the official governmental position different to the general national atmosphere and to the global trends?
Second Paragraph : Current state of affairs regarding this topic within your state’s policies. Next, the paragraph should state your country’s position in diplomatic terms. It should refer either to your nation’s work on the issue within its borders, with allies, with regional partners, and/or within the world community; or to your organisation’s work on the issue with its international partners and the governments of the allied states. It should explain why your state is a striking example, or needs assistance; has it made progress, or can help other countries on this topic. This is the paragraph where you can (and, actually, are expected to) refer to particular numbers, official statistics and data you have found while examining your country’s state of affairs.
Do not forget to consider various spheres: political, social, economic, etc. However, do not get upset in case you do not find the exact numbers for every penny spent by the state or local authorities. Try to focus on trends that clearly show the real position of your country and the real inner policy. Provide examples of particular projects that may be of interest to the international communities as probable solutions.
Third Paragraph : What your nation would recommend the committee do in order to resolve the issue. It should assess the progress that has been made globally on this issue, describe areas for improvement, and suggest specific measures. The final part of your paper should discuss the various solutions that your state/organisation would like the UN to consider. How do you feel the UN should address this issue? What should the global community begin with? What solutions would you support in a resolution? What measures does your country /organisation consider unacceptable? Finally, the paragraph should summarise your country’s proposals for addressing the issues related to this topic. At the conference, these statements may well be the basis of the draft resolutions.
First of all, there must be a clear statement giving your state’s position on the agenda. Make sure the views of your country are represented clearly.
Try to briefly underline the diplomatic relationship your delegation currently has, has had in the past, and aims to have in the future, with regards to the topic. It is also possible to address other delegates, responding to their speeches.
Recommend actions in order to settle the issue. In this case, consider the actual country’s policy so as to avoid mistakes and misinterpretations.
It is crucial to be flexible and open for negotiations. However, do not forget that your country’s interests are your first priority during the sessions.
Be ready to work on and propose more than one solution. Prepare yourself for not every measure you come up with being adopted by consensus. The more flexibility you have, the easier it will be for the whole committee to reach an agreement.
Remember that you have to represent the position of your assigned country. Therefore you should not speak in the first person (“I”), but with the voice of the country you represent. Use the following phrases: “Our Government / Nation”, “The Delegation of ____.”
You may offer your own ideas as possible projects to solve the problem, but bear in mind that they should not contradict the policies of the state / organisation you represent.
The preparation does not stop with submitting the position paper. We highly advise to check regularly if your nation’s position has remained the same or if any new initiatives have been proposed. The policy paper once sent to the President will be checked and may even be sent back for corrections.
Your effort and commitment are highly appreciated. Please keep in mind one simple rule about MUNs: The better you prepare, the more fun and experience you will have! We are looking forward to seeing you!
Some helpful links:
the CIA World Factbook for detailed data about your nation: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
NOTE: Wikipedia is not an accepted source at MUNs. You have to dig deeper than this.