The Commission on Narcotic Drugs was established by a resolution of the Economic and Social Council in 1946 to perform the task of monitoring compliance with the international drug control agreements. The Commission later became a key actor in the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, serving as both a normative and an executive body. At its annual sessions, the Commission passes a series of decisions aimed at strengthening cooperation in the fight against drug trafficking. The Commission’s principal activities therefore involve assistance in the development of comprehensive counter-drug measures and related policies at the national, regional and international levels.
Agenda:Combating drug trafficking in the context of globalization and digitalization
It is my honor to welcome you to Churkin Moscow International Model United Nations 2022 on behalf of the chairperson of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs! My name is Ilya Pastukhov and currently I am a third-year student at the School of governance and politics at MGIMO.
As its chairman, I’m tremendously glad and excited to greet you all at the forthcoming session of the CND. This year we are assembling to discuss an eternally relevant issue – drug trafficking and how to fight it. Despite all the efforts undertaken by the international community, this problem remains incredibly vexed. Under new conditions provided by digital era, drugs sellers find new ways to distribute their drug “virus” worldwide. Hence, new technologies turn out to be not only the good for the humanity, but also a means for prosperity of the business built up on narcotic drugs. All these make us question ourselves about the future we desire and what all of us should do to protect it.
UN Model provides you with a perfect opportunity to practice both your foreign language and eloquence along with giving a chance to make new acquaintances and spend unforgettable time in the company of unordinary people.
I’m really looking forward to meeting you all.
President of the CND
My name is Adrian Solis, I am a third-year student of Bachelor of Economics at Higher School of Economics. It is a pleasure to welcome you all as Vice President to Commission of Narcotic and Drugs at C-MIMUN.
The agenda for this year is focused on discussing the combat to drug trafficking in the context of globalization and digitalization. The impact that drug trafficking causes on a worldwide level is beyond imagining, according to UNODC (2021) drug use killed almost half a million people in 2019, and drug disorders came up to 18 million years of healthy life lost. Added to this, the COVID-19 crisis has pushed over 100 million people into extreme poverty, creating the conditions to leave people more susceptible to drug use and to engage in trafficking and cultivating. Clearly, the world is dealing with such a troubling matter, and it is up to us as active agents of society to provide solutions for it. We also must understand drug trafficking is not a new issue, so it’s crucial to be able to understand the entire context and different perspectives that nations have had towards tackling this problem that has evolved negatively. It is of the outmost importance to have a constructive debate to solve this problem we are facing and contribute towards a better future.
I look forward to having a productive and successful model, in which the debate can lead to solve the key issues of our agenda. As well, I hope that everybody’s knowledge and experience make for a great environment of collaboration and new ideas. Let’s bear in mind the relevance of our agenda, and with so come up with brilliant and useful resolutions.
Adrian Solis Garcia CND Vice-President
My name is Ekaterina and I would like to welcome you to the Commission on Narcotic Drugs at the C-MIMUN 2022. At once, I am hoping that this year our joint work is going to be an unforgettable experience for all of us and I am waiting for your productive, constructive debates.
While examining the work of the Committee, I suddenly realised how underestimated efforts and contributions of countries in the fight against drug trafficking are. In this context, we are addressing more global trends as we are covering technological progress. Therefore, the agenda we have prepared is a complex of interconnected causes and effects which together constitute a great concern for the international community. The problem of unregulated transboundary drug trafficking, as well as cybersecurity in the unprotected space of the Internet, is a cross-cutting theme of heated discussions at our future sessions.
I would like to remind that the responsibility for preventing organisation and commitment of transnational crimes rests on the shoulders of our department and that coordinated actions are at the heart of developed policies. Combating illicit traffic is only possible through voluntary cooperation and timely response to emerging challenges.
I am looking forward to meeting you all at our conference and wishing you the best week of the spring.
Best regards, Expert of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Ekaterina Dorykina
It is a great honour for me to see you all at the C-MIMUN 2022 in the Commission on Narcotic Drugs committee. My name is Olesya Sapozhnikova, and I am a third-year student at the Faculty of Applied Economics and Commerce of the MGIMO University.
For the time being, the history of the global partnership on solving the world drug problem spans more than a century. Some points are certain, while others still remain highly debated. Different countries have different views on drug abuse issues: while some of them have already initiated the process of decriminalization for some of the “mild” drugs, others are still loyal to the «war on drugs» doctrine. As the years pass, the global consensus gets more and more questionable, or even «broad» or «fractured», as some experts say.
Rapid development of online markets brings a whole row of emerging issues in drug trade, changing the existing patterns entirely. This is why tackling drug trafficking in the era of globalization and digitalization is an extremely important question worthy of thorough discussion. The role of negotiation in solving this problem is crucial, as it is impossible to reach the optimal solution without taking the positions of different countries into account.
As a member of the Committee Board, my primary goal is to ensure that this Model UN will bring you a lot of valuable experience and pleasant memories. I am looking forward to seeing all of you, and I hope that our cooperation will get as fruitful as it possibly can.
To become a delegate in the Commission on Narcotic Drugs of C-MIMUN 2022, you have to present your own perception of our committee’s current agenda. This work comes in the form of an essay which will be checked by the Experts in order to assess your awareness of the issue. The essay may cover all aspects of the agenda as well as dwell on several particular ones. However, we draw your attention that this particular stage of the addition to the Model UN requires your personal thoughts and opinions on the topic, not the position of any Member State.
To make the process easier for you, we highly recommend to remember the following essay structure:
The advisable limit is 250-500 words
The essay should have three structural parts: introduction, main part and conclusion
The ideas stated in your essay should be presented in a logically structured way
Your work should stick to an informative style
The points stated in your essay have to be based on specific examples
To pass the selection, you are expected to show a well-rounded knowledge of our committee, its mission and main goals, its directions of action. The desirable knowledge also includes the committee’s structure and key international treaties.
The main part of your essay should explain the reasons why our current agenda is of critical importance, what actions the CND is taking to deal with these issues, what events and circumstances have led to the situation being in its current state. You can, while analyzing past events, propose probable measures that, in our own opinion, may positively influence the existing system of international drug control.
As your work should be supported by solid factual basis, we recommend you to study the following documents:
1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs;
1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances;
1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances
You can also use additional sources to prepare your essay, for instance:
UNODC World Drug Reports
Reports of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) publications
The C-MIMUN 2022 Commission on Narcotic Drugs hopes your essay writing will be both exciting and educating and may the odds be ever in your favor!
A Position Paper is a policy statement in which delegates clarify the committee topics, state the position of the Committee Member they represent, and suggest solutions that fall in line with their stance. Before C-MIMUN 2022 begins, each delegation is responsible for writing a position paper to ensure fruitful work of the conference staff and, more importantly, their fellow delegates.
You should write position papers elaborating on your country’s stance on each topic addressed in your essay. The purpose of position papers is to help you understand your nation’s views and interests on the agenda’s aspects that you will discuss during the conference. Not only will you combine all your research into a concise document, but also position papers will help you remember the views of your state or organisation throughout the course of debate. For first time MUNers, writing a position paper might look a bit intimidating. But don’t lose heart! Writing the position statement is the stage when you form a really structured and comprehensive picture of the agenda.
Sample Position Paper Outline
First Paragraph: The first section of your papers should discuss the historical background of the topic, the reasons why it concerns your state or organisation. It can be useful to refer to important treaties and past resolutions or initiatives that your state or your organisation, respectively, has supported. This section should NOT be a re-statement of the background section of your essay, nor should it include your personal attitude towards the historical events. Instead, it should elaborate on the various aspects of the agenda as your country or organisation has been dealing with it. How has been the attitude of your state to the issue altering thought history? If you represent an international organisation, how has it been working to solve the global drug problem? Have there been any projects implemented that address this particular problem? Does the official governmental position chime with the general national atmosphere and the global trends?
Second Paragraph: Current state of affairs regarding this topic within your state or organisation policy. This paragraph should state your country’s position in diplomatic terms. It should refer either to your nation’s work on the issue within its borders, with allies, with regional partners, and/or within the world community; or to your organisation’s work on the issue with its international partners and the governments of the allied states. It should explain why your state is a striking example, or needs assistance; has it made progress, or can help other countries on this topic. This is the paragraph where you can (and, actually, are expected to) refer to particular numbers, official statistics and data you have found.
Do not forget to consider various spheres: political, social, economic, etc. However, do not get upset in case you do not find the exact numbers for every penny spent by the state or local authorities. Try to focus on trends that clearly show the real position of your country or organisation and the real inner policy. Provide examples of particular projects that may be of interest to the international community as probable solutions.
Third Paragraph: In this paragraph you should elaborate on possible solutions: what would your nation (or organisation) recommend the committee do in order to resolve the issue? It should assess the progress that has been made globally on this problem, describe areas for improvement, and suggest specific measures. The final part of your paper should discuss the various solutions that your state/organisation would like the UN to consider. How do you feel the CND and the UN should address this issue? What should the global community begin with? What solutions would you support in a resolution? What measures does your country/organisation consider unacceptable? Finally, the paragraph should summarise your country’s proposals for addressing the issues related to this topic. At the conference, these statements may well be the basis of the draft resolutions.
First of all, there must be a clear statement giving the position of your state or organisation on the agenda. Make sure the views are represented clearly.
Try to briefly underline the diplomatic relationship your delegation currently has, has had in the past, and aims to have in the future, with regards to the topic.
Recommend actions in order to settle the issue. Consider the actual country’s policy so as to avoid mistakes and misinterpretations.
It is crucial to be flexible and open for negotiations. However, do not forget that your country’s interests are your first priority during the sessions.
Be ready to work on and propose more than one solution. Prepare yourself for the possibility that not every measure you come up with will be adopted by consensus. The more flexibility you have, the easier it will be for the whole committee to reach an agreement.
Remember that you have to represent the position of your assigned country. Therefore you should not speak in the first person (“I”), but with the voice of the Committee Member you represent. Use the following phrases: “Our Government / Nation”, “Our Organisation”, “The Delegation of ____.”
You may offer your own ideas as possible projects to solve the problem, but bear in mind that they should not contradict the policies of the state/organisation you represent.
The preparation does not stop with submitting the position paper. We highly advise to check regularly if your nation’s position has remained the same or if any new initiatives have been proposed. The policy paper once sent to the Committee Board will be checked and might even be sent back for corrections.
Your effort and commitment are highly appreciated. Please keep in mind one simple rule about MUNs: The better you prepare, the more fun and experience you will have! We are looking forward to seeing you!
Some helpful sources:
UNODC World Drug Reports
Reports of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) publications
NOTE: Wikipedia is not an accepted source at C-MIMUN. You have to dig deeper than this.