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Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945 that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Its goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. Since 2010 all of FAO’s work is guided by a Strategic Framework, with the latest reviewed Strategic Framework 2022-2031. Being concentrated on more efficient, inclusive, resilient and sustainable agri-food systems, it raises the issues of better production, better nutrition, a better environment, and a better life.
Agenda: Habitat destruction caused by human agricultural activities
Delegates and observers
Tatiana Viktorko, Belinskaya Alexandra
It is a great pleasure to greet you as the FAO President! Our world is facing numerous issues and, unfortunately, we ourselves can create the challenges for our planet.
Since the ancient times, the humanity has actively enjoyed the benefits of and developed the agriculture. Each century the used areas expanded, scientific progress presented new farming implements and technologies, the impact on biodiversity became more significant. Within the last century, unregulated and thoughtless use of lands for agricultural purposes endangered numerous wildlife species and their habitats, that consequently increased the environmental vulnerability of the planet.
Choosing FAO, you join the discussion about sustainable agriculture and preservation of habitats that can create the balance between human needs and wildlife. There’s no second Earth and our actions shouldn’t harm the one we live on.
While you elaborate the solutions and actions for that, me and my colleague will guide you through all the stages of our Council work.
It is my greatest pleasure to welcome you to FAO MIMUN 2023 as your Vice President!
My name is Panita. I am a 3rd-year student from Laos studying international relations at MGIMO.
As the global population continues to grow, increasing to a projected nine billion people by 2050, agricultural demand continues to increase. However, humanity’s progress has come at a considerable cost to the environment. These extensive agricultural activities are causing habitat destruction, which poses major welfare risks that lead to the devastation of the ecosystem. The imbalance of ecosystems causes extinction for various plants and animal species. Therefore, it is crucial that we protect the biodiversity that supports all life on Earth, including humans while ensuring food and water security through sustainable practices. Agriculture should contribute to improving living standards socially, economically, and environmentally. With that being said, as the Vice President, I look forward to meeting all our future delegates with the confidence that we could achieve a constructive resolution with a clear vision to create a promising future for all living creatures.
It is a great honor for me to welcome you to C-MIMUN 2023 and be your expert at FAO Сommittee. I am a fourth-year student at the Institute of International Trade and Sustainable Development at MGIMO.
The agenda of our committee is inseparably linked to the concept of sustainable development. The global community is trying to implement the principles of responsible consumption and pay more attention to the interaction between the economy, humanity and nature.
Dear delegates, I sincerely hope that you are not indifferent to the existing problems and are ready to investigate the causes and consequences of unsustainable economic activities. It would be great if during the meetings you could not only propose conservation measures, but also learn more about international cooperation, practice your English and diplomatic skills, and meet people as inspired and intelligent as you certainly are. Good luck!
My name is Alexandra Belinskaya, I am a second-year environmental science student. It is an honor to welcome people who are not indifferent to the problems facing society today to FAO C-MIMUN 2023!
The goal of our meetings is to pass a resolution to reduce the effects of human activity.
I hope you are interested in the issue, and I’m sure you will make new good acquaintances here, develop your personal qualities and perform at your best. We, in turn, will do everything we can to create an environment where you feel most comfortable working and showing your full potential.
We wish you good luck constructive ideas and productive meetings!
This essay represents a short analysis of the Report of the Expert based on your own opinion.
There are some criteria to write a good essay that will be accepted by the Expert:
- Your work should count 200-300 words on the average. (+-10%)
- Your work should be divided into 3 parts: the introduction, the main body, the conclusion.
- The introduction describes the agenda in general.
- The main body requires you to show the knowledge of the Expert Report.
- The conclusion is a part where you can show you ideas
- Principles of a good essay: focus on current situation, development of ideas mentioned in the Report, unity, coherence, and correctness
- Your essay should represent your own opinion on the issue (with description of the current situation, measures taken by the UN), not the position of a particular country.
- You should carefully examine the Report of the Expert in order to write the essay in accordance with the agenda.
- Your work should be written in official style and be informative.
- Avoid plagiarism!
Helpful questions you may ask yourself
Why is habitat destruction a problem? Who does suffer from it? Is it possible to solve the problem? Are there any obstacles preventing problem solving?
After writing an essay, accepted by the Expert, and passing an interview, you will be distributed a country or an organization from the list of observers for its presentation at the Churkin Moscow International Model United Nations 2023. The next stage of pre-model work is writing a Position Paper which represents a quite short speech in which delegates are to state their representative’s position on the agenda and suggest solutions that fall in line with their national stance. If you want to add some your own ideas to the position of a represented state/organization, they can’t contradict their official course, statements of the officials and the UN Charter, for sure.
Your Position Paper should be clear, well-structured and informative. The volume of your report remains at your discretion, though, in general, it varies from 1 to 2 sheets A4 (Times New Roman, 14 font).
Please, remember about time limit for speaking that will be set up during the conference!
P.s. This concerns only the document that you are going to send to the Expert. You can prepare any amount of written text to use during the work at the conference but in the Position Paper you need only to clarify your state’s/organization’s view of the agenda.
Writing a Position Paper will help you examine the agenda deeper, understand better the views of the country/organization, distributed to you, and prepare yourself for the upcoming session. For those of you, who take part in the MUN for the first time, this might seem a bit intimidating but it’s extremely important for a fruitful work during the conference.
According to our committee’s agenda (Habitat destruction caused by human agricultural activities), we advise you to research and present the following aspects in your Position Paper:
- Geographical characteristics of the country (especially climate conditions, the size of the area used for agriculture, water availability)
- Some information on the economy of the state: the level of economic development; the share of people employed in agriculture
- Ecological problems connected with natural resources (water, soil etc.) used in agriculture
- Stable of ecosystems (existing challenges, for example, threat for endangered species or biodiversity loss)
- Peculiarities of the agricultural policy of the state
- Measures taken/suggested by a national government/organization in the field of agriculture and nature restoration
- The information about membership in the International Organizations mentioned in the Report of the Expert
- A list of theses to include in the Resolution, suggested by your delegation (what you would like to suggest to the International Community).
For the delegates, representing observers, may be useful to research:
- The history of the represented Organization, it’s credentials and competence.
- The mechanisms of interaction with its members.
You shouldn’t do the following:
- Completely retell the content of the Expert’s Report.
- You hadn’t better trust Wikipedia as it isn’t a reliable source!
To prepare yourself better you can use the following sources:
- FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)
- UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)
- The speeches of the officials of the state/organization.
- The sources used in the Report of the Expert
- The websites of national ministries
- the Sustainable Agriculture Network
- Organizations Promoting Regenerative Agriculture
- Feel free to address to different UN bodies!
We hope this information will be useful for you during preparation for the conference. We wish you fruitful and interesting work! See you in the fields of the C-MIMUN 2023!
Country list: Representative: 1 Afghanistan Daria Tyulenyova 2 Angola 3 Argentina Aleksandra Ermilova 4 Australia Emilia Tarasova 5 Bahamas Mansi Parashar 6 Bangladesh Aruni Uthpalawanna Liyanage 7 Belarus Daria Voronina 8 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9 Brazil Ekaterina Michkovskaia 10 Cameroon 11 Canada Diana Sharafgalieva 12 Chile Elizabeth Semenova 13 China Alina Vidyakina 14 Congo Polina Anufrieva 15 Costa Rica Sofia Belomitseva 16 Côte d’Ivoire 17 Egypt Daria Astakhina 18 Equatorial Guinea 19 Eritrea 20 Ethiopia Arina Zaripova 21 France Dimitri Beltchikov 22 Germany Valerii Purik 23 Guatemala Anastasia Sabitova 24 Guinea Ivan Brezhnev 25 India Kristina Rogozhko 26 Indonesia Alisa Terentyeva 27 Iraq Daria Parfenova 28 Israel Alexey Danilko 29 Japan Danil Safronov 30 Kenya 31 Kuwait 32 Luxembourg Aisha Konstantinova 33 Malaysia Yasmina Minnullina 34 Mauritania Elena Gaydukova 35 Mexico Fairuza Saifullina 36 Netherlands President 37 Nicaragua Parbati Prasad 38 Pakistan Gregory Guli 39 Peru Polina Brykalina 40 Philippines Tatyana Pashnanova 41 Qatar Vladimir Beltchikov 42 Republic of Korea 43 Russian Federation Mohammad Usman Waheedi 44 Saudi Arabia Zakiah Zahra Arisona 45 Slovenia Polina Goloviznina 46 South Africa Zhanna Talyzina 47 Sweden Maria Abrosimova 48 Tunisia Alexandra Afonina 49 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Aleksandra Pakhomova 50 United States of America Mekhrinoz Egamberdiyeva Observers 1 European Union (EU) Konstantin Kogay 2 International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) 3 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN) Darina Elizarova 4 World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Alexander Novosadov