The United Nations General Assembly Sixth Committee (Legal) is in charge of dealing with the legal questions from the General Assembly, especially with International Law matters. Thus, it is an space in which all the member states try to reach consensus for complex legal affairs that demand international coordination and cooperation in order to be effective. Two of the major successes promoted by the committee are the 1961 Vienna Convention and the 1998 Rome Statute, which constitute the cornerstone for international relations and the creation of the International Criminal Court respectively.
Agenda:Legal regulation of private military companies
It is a tremendous honour and responsibility for me to greet you as the President of the UNGA 6th Committee!
The agenda of our committee plays a vital role in achieving peace and international security around the globe. Mercenaries and private military companies (PMC) can violently destabilise a country or even a region. Mercenary‑related activities can jeopardise the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16, which is devoted to peace, justice and strong institutions. It is clear that the fight against impunity committed by private military companies is essential in promoting the rule of law. However, pervasive impunity for crimes committed by mercenaries is a common challenge.
There is a great deal of discussion currently on how to better regulate private military companies under international and domestic law. Nevertheless, some targets are quite obvious. Our mission is to draft an international legally binding instrument that could make PMCs accountable before the international community and national governments. Their activity must be limited and put under strict control.
Participating in the work of our committee will allow you to broaden your horizons while solving such an important global issue.
Sincerely yours, President of the UNGA 6th Committee Antony Zhilkin
I am very happy to welcome you all to this wonderful committee as its vice president! Matters of international law like this one are as complex as they are crucial for us to understand. The issue of mercenaries and PMC in armed conflict has been increasingly alarming, and while there have been efforts to limit their developments, the lack of legal instruments and obligations in international humanitarian law is notable. Some organizations have the freedom of unleashing destruction for profit and without a sign of compunction, while not having the responsibility of responding to any of their crimes. This is unacceptable in a scenario where peace is meant to prevail, without the rule of law and appropriate sanctions targeting this sort of activity, the face of war has the potential to be changed forever.
It is up to you, delegates, to think, discuss and argue an international legally binding instrument that could have the potential of changing the destiny of multiple armed conflicts around the world. Much like international law was created by the will of states to try to enforce peace and limit the consequences of war, it is by your will and ability that we can make this a successful debate.
I wish you good luck in your research and hope to meet you all soon!
Kind regards, Vice-president of the UNGA 6th Committee Darius Harnisch
Hope we will all enjoy working together on the agenda of the UNGA 6th Committee. You will soon find out that every MUN is a little life that I want us to live to the fullest!
Our agenda can be called specific as even the need for legal regulation is debated. So, for these several days it is us who will be in charge of deciding if the world is ready to “privatise peace”. The matter causes huge debates both on national and international level; still it doesn’t mean that under the auspices of the Model we can not agree on an advanced mechanism to ensure that private actors are responsible for the international security issues.
Taking part in the Model is not just about gaining skills in diplomacy, experiencing how the UN works and boosting your future career. It is a real chance to become involved in the work rewarding and valuable. Make the world a better place together, and our Model is a great step for that!
Let us make these 6 days a start for building futures – for us and for the planet!
Yulia Petrova, UNGA 6th Committee Expert
I am pleased to be one of your experts for the 6th Committee of the General Assembly. My name is Daniel Alejandro Ariza Rodríguez, I study World Economics at HSE university in Moscow, and I am from Colombia. So far, I have a wide experience in MUN’s both in my homeland and Russia that I will be pleased to use for the good of the committee and share with you, in order to achieve exceptional results.
I firmly believe that you all will perform an incredible labour in the construction of viable solutions for the controversial, relevant and complex agenda we will be discussing during our sessions, where conflicting ideological, economic and legal positions will face each other. It will be an intensive academic job, although an interesting one as well, since the complex debates, the never-ending negotiations during the unmoderated caucuses, and the diversity of brilliant people you get to meet definitely make the Model United Nations a unique space that you will enjoy and learn a lot from it.
Thank you all for reading these words. I will be at your service, so do not hesitate to ask whenever doubts arise.
Regards, The 6th Committee of the General Assembly Expert
Daniel Alejandro Ariza Rodríguez
Honourable future GA6 Delegate:
The essay is a text in which, using your knowledge on the committee’s agenda, you will express your awareness, opinions, and potential solutions for the aforementioned topic. In contrast to the position statement, it is explicitly a subjective approach and NOT from any country’s position.
Please take into account the following guidelines:
• Read the Expert’s Report before writing your thesis. It will provide you with an overview of the topic that will complement any knowledge you already possess
• Your thesis must be around 400 +/- 25 words long.
• Thoroughly state your position on the agenda and justify it with the corresponding arguments, examples and statistics.
• Use a formal writing language, as well as an appropriate structure containing an introduction, main body and conclusion.
• It must be written using the committee’s official working language: English.
• Separately explain your potential solutions for the issue.
• Plagiarism is unacceptable: only use your own thoughts and ideas.
Writing the essay is not a complicated process, just feel free to give your own grounded serious opinions.
We wish you good luck! The GA6 Experts, Yulia Petrova and Daniel Ariza.
A Position Statement is a policy paper in which delegates clarify the committee topics, state their representative’s position, and suggestions solutions that fall in line with their national stance. Before C-MIMUN 2022 each delegation is responsible for writing a position paper for the benefit of the conference staff and more importantly their fellow delegates.
You should write position papers explaining your country’s/organization’s stance on each topic addressed in your essay. The purpose of position papers is to help you understand your nation’s/organization’s views and interests on the various issues that you will discuss during the conference. In addition to combining all of your research into a concise document, position papers will also help you remember your state’s/organization’s views throughout the course of debate. For first time participants, writing a position paper might look somehow intimidating. But don’t lose heart! With enough research, you will find that writing a position paper will be easy and useful.
Sample Position Paper Outline:
First Paragraph: Historical context of the topic with regards to your nation’s / organization’s past policies and positions. The first section of your papers should discuss the background of the topic. It should refer to important treaties and past resolutions or initiatives that your state or your organization, respectively, has supported. This section should NOT merely be a re-statement of the background section of your thesis. Instead, it should elaborate on the issue AS YOUR COUNTRY /ORGANIZATION sees it. According to your nation / organization, what are the fundamental issues at hand? What actions has your country / organization taken to address this problem? What general positions have you taken in the past? Which actions have been successful for your nation / organization, and in what areas is further improvement needed?
Third Paragraph: What your nation/ organization specifically would recommend the committee do in order to resolve the issue. The final portion of your paper should discuss the various solutions that your state/ organization would like the UN to consider. How do you feel the UN should address this issue? What specific actions would you like to see taken? What solutions would you support in a resolution? What remedies does your country / organization oppose? Furthermore, how will your nation’s / organization’s specific stance on this issue match up with other states’ / organization’s positions? Make sure to reference the “questions a final resolution must answer” section of your essay in this section of your paper. Finally, the paragraph should summarize your country’s / organization’s proposal for addressing the issues related to this topic. It should assess the progress that has been made on this issue, describe areas for improvement, and suggest specific measures. Conclude with a strong, forward-thinking sentence. At the conference, you can refer to these statements in your speeches and negotiate to have them included in draft resolutions.
The general format of position statements is one to two pages for each topic area, single spaced.
First of all, there must be a clear statement giving your state’s / organization’s position on the topic. Include a brief and well-defined policy statement on the topic, clearly displaying the views of the nation / organization you’re representing.
Try to briefly underline the relationship your delegation currently has, has had in the past, and aims to have in the future, with regards to the topic.
Recommend actions in order to settle the issue. In this case, bear in mind the country’s/ organization’s policy, as solutions and policy should be hand in hand.
Remember policy is not rigid but malleable and flexible, and positions are not entrenched and fixed. If that were the case, diplomacy would be at a loss.
Go into depth, stating the best solutions and reasonably good options since you clearly have more than one solution. The more solutions/flexibility you have, the easier it will be for you to move amidst the problem areas and to reach an agreement with your fellow delegates.
Remember that you have to represent the position of your assigned country / organization. Therefore, you should not speak in the first person (“I”), but with the voice of the country you represent. Use the following phrases: “Our Government / Nation/Organization”, “The Delegation of France.”
You may offer your own ideas on the solution to the problem, but bear in mind that the ideas that you present the committee with, should not contradict the policies of the state / organization you represent. They must be aligned with the foreign policy and corresponding national interests.
Do not stop preparation after finishing the position papers and check regularly before the conference if your nation’s / organization’s position has remained the same. In case major changes occur, notify the Chairperson and integrate them.
Your effort and commitment are highly appreciated. Please keep in mind one simple rule about MUNs: The better you prepare the more fun and experience you will have. We are looking forward to seeing you in Moscow in April and hope for fruitful debates as well as a successful conference.
Best regards! The 6GA Experts, Yulia Petrova and Daniel Ariza.