International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a UN specialized agency that establishes international standards in civil aviation and coordinates its development in order to improve security. ICAO was actually established on 7 December 1944.
ICAO enjoys an impeccable reputation in the development of international aviation standards, which greatly contributed to the unification of the method of operation of civil aircraft throughout the world. The function of ICAO is to promote the adoption of international air law instruments as well as measures for their universal acceptance.
The supreme body of ICAO is the Assembly, which meets every 3 years. The ICAO Steering Body is the ICAO Council, which is elected by the Assembly for 3 years. The ICAO Council consists of representatives of 36 States. The ICAO Council carries out the work program adopted by the Assembly, adopts ICAO’s international standards and recommended practices, acts as an arbiter between countries on contentious issues, coordinates the work of committees and commissions on activities, and the work of the secretariat.
Agenda:Post-crisis (pandemic) economic measures to support civil aviation
I am very glad to welcome you to the annual C-MIMUN as a President of our committee!
The agenda we are going to work on is incredibly relevant nowadays. The COVID-19 pandemic has had catastrophic impact on global aviation industry. In the global effort to contain the spread of COVID-19, governments have imposed stringent travel restrictions, closed borders, and severely limited the movement of people. These decisions as well as the global economic downturn have had significant impact on the viability of the civil aviation industry worldwide. The immediate and significant consequence of the abrupt and substantial plunge in air traffic is that revenue streams have paralysed creating severe liquidity strain to the industry and risking its operational and financial sustainability.
ICAO has proposed a great number of economic and financial measures that could be considered by States and industry to mitigate the impact of the pandemic on aviation. However, this field still has a lot of blank spaces. That is why, thanks to your diligent work on the report during the session a significant contribution will be made to mitigate the biggest problem of today.
Model UN gives us a great chance to try ourselves in solving the world’s burning issues of the day and we cannot miss this opportunity!
President of the ICAO Council
It is my honor to welcome you to Churkin Moscow International Model United Nations 2021 on behalf of the Expert of the ICAO Council! My name is Ilya Pastukhov and currently I am a second-year student at the School of governance and politics at MGIMO.
I have been participating in the models UN in different cities since 2016, when I was involved for the first time into the work of the Security Council on the issue of North Korea nuclear programme, one of the most burning questions of international security. So far, I have had an experience in modeling such committees as UNESCO, Human Rights Council along with General Assembly both as a delegate and further as an expert at C-MIMUN 2020. Moreover, I was pleased to be a part of C-MIMUN not only like an expert but like a designer either. Thus, this year my modeling path led me to the ICAO Council.
As an Expert, I’m very glad and excited to greet you all at the forthcoming session of the ICAO Council. This year’s agenda “Economic support measures for civil aviation after the crisis (pandemic)” is closely familiar to every of you, as nowadays we are living in the conditions created by COVID-19 pandemics. In the first instance, the pandemics has seriously damaged world economics and civil aviation, as one of the most important parts of international transit, has become the most vulnerable industry. As long as the world combats this disaster, the aviation will suffer from multiple restrictions and other negative consequences that makes the future of the whole industry very unsafe and unclear. So, it is we who should take the responsibility and take efficient urgent measures to support this essential for world economic development branch and protect both the employees and employers.
If you want to contribute to ensuring the future of the aviation, you are welcome to the ICAO Council.
ICAO Council Expert
Writing a good essay is the key to be selected to any committee and especially to ours. The work represents a short analysis of the Report of the Expert and all the documentation mentioned in which you are to examine in order not only to send an application but also to pass an interview. There are some criteria to write a good essay that will be accepted by the Expert:
Your work should count 300-400 words on the average.
Your work should be divided into 3 parts: the introduction, the main body, the conclusion.
The introduction describes the agenda in general.
The main body requires from you to show the knowledge of the Expert Report.
The conclusion is a part where you can show you ideas and thoughts.
Your work should be written in official style and be informative.
Your essay should represent your own opinion on the issue, not the position of a particular country.
You should carefully examine the Report of the Expert in order to write the essay in accordance with the agenda.
You ought to cover the following aspects: current situation, measures taken under the auspices of the UN and others, the documents mentioned in the Report of the Expert, your own ideas to resolve the problem.
You should back up your opinion with the facts and address only to the official sources.
Try to explain and to give examples to every one of your outlined ideas.
Reference must be made to the documents used in the course of the work.
After writing an essay, accepted by the Expert, and passing an interview, you will be distributed a country or an organization from the list of observers for its presentation at theChurkin Moscow International Model United Nations 2021. The next stage of pre-model work is writing a Position Paper which represents a quite short speech in which delegates are to state their representative’s position on the agenda and suggest solutions that fall in line with their national stance. If you want to add some your own ideas to the position of a represented state/organization, they can’t contradict their official course, statements of the officials and the UN Charter, for sure.
Your Position Paper should be clear, well-structured and informative. The volume of your report remains at your discretion, though, in general, it varies from 1 to 2 sheets A4 (Times New Roman, 14 font).
Please,remember about time limit for speaking that will be set up during the conference!
P.s. This concerns only the document that you are going to send to the Expert. You can prepare any amount of written text to use during the work at the conference but in the Position Paper you need only to clarify your state’s/organization’s view of the agenda.
Writing a Position Paper will help you examine the agenda deeper, understand better the views of the country/organization, distributed to you, and prepare yourself for the upcoming session. For those of you, who take part in the MUN for the first time, this might seem a bit intimidating but it’s extremely important for a fruitful work during the conference.
According to our committee’s agenda, we advise you to research and present the following aspects in your Position Paper:
Some information on the economy of the state: the level of economic development; financial, technologic and work resources; the influence of the pandemic on it; etc.
Measures taken/suggested by a national government/organization in the field of aviation in order to support the industry and fight the consequences of COVID-19.
The information about national air companies, airports and membership in the International Organizations mentioned in the Report of the Expert.
General information on the country’s political course, cooperation with other political actors over the issue.
A list of theses to include in the Resolution, suggested by your delegation (what you would like to suggest to the International Community).
For the delegates, representing observers, may be useful to research:
The history of the represented Organization, it’s credentials and competence.
The mechanisms of interaction with its members.
You shouldn’t do the following:
Completely retell the content of the Expert’s Report.
You hadn’t better consult with the Wikipedia as it isn’t a reliable source!
To prepare yourself better you can use the following sources:
The speeches of the officials of the state/organization.